Food technology is an important branch of food science which deals mainly with the improvement and processing of the food items. There are many areas involved in this field such as food additives, nutrition, food processing and safety, agriculture, veterinary science etc. Food technology has helped mankind immensely in many ways by developing better ways of living. It has also contributed in the reduction of health-threatening diseases. The advancements made in this field have helped us to enjoy delicious and healthy foods.
Today there are several organizations that focus on food technology. These include Food Technological Institute (FTI), Food Technological Development Organization (FTDO) and International Food Processing Institute (IFPI). These organizations provide quality assurance programs and certification to food processing units based on international standards and best management practice. They help the manufacturers, processors, packers and suppliers to be able to provide high-quality and economical products to the customers.
Food technology has created various ways to increase the productivity of food processors, packers and suppliers by providing them with advanced tools and machines. Today, food processing unit can process meat, dairy produce, fruits, vegetable, shellfish, eggs, poultry, dairy produce, and cooked foods into several products such as sauces, bakery items, ice creams, frozen dinners and snacks and even pharmaceutical drugs. In order to be in the competition, food manufacturers, processors and packers have to adopt these methods for increasing the speed of manufacturing, productivity, processing, safety, and reducing cost. Some popular food processing techniques used today are automated handling, dry powder coating, pasteurization, mincing, shredding, chopping, trimming, grinding, grinder, centrifugal separation, hydrolysis and many more.
Food and hospitality technology has helped to create new and improved recipes to cater to different food groups. There has been a radical change in the way people prepare and eat food in the past 50 years. Food technology has brought about significant changes in quality control methods, production procedures, equipment and packaging requirements, and government requirements for food safety. Many top food scientists have developed improved ways to grow, process, handle, packaged, store, distribute, and retail food products.
With the advent of computers, laptops, webcams and cell phones, food technologists can easily conduct quality assurance, inspection, and testing in the field. They can easily compile, analyze and evaluate data regarding food processing, sanitation and production processes. Food technology technologists play an important role in food service systems development. They are also involved in food retailing. They are involved in developing the design, production and packaging of food products. In addition, they also test, package and deliver food.
Food technology plays an important role in the formulation and development of modern raw animal feed. In fact, the modern day raw materials used in the manufacture of animal feed products include grains, fruits, vegetables, fish, meats, and nuts. Other areas of food manufacturing include dairy products, poultry, confectionery, snack foods, pet foods, and pharmaceuticals. Food technology also includes the improvement of manufacturing processes that involve the purification, packaging and shelf-life of food products. There is an ever increasing demand for skilled food technologists in the field of food processing. Food technology has made possible the production of high quality food products at low cost.